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History of the GSMNP

View of the Great Smoky Mountain National Park during Fall with colorful leaves.

The Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee is a natural wonder that has captivated visitors for generations. It is one of the most visited national parks in the country, attracting millions of visitors each year who come to experience its stunning scenery, rich history, and diverse wildlife. But did you know that this park has a fascinating history of its own? In this blog post, we'll explore the history of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and how it became one of the most beloved natural areas in the United States.

The area now known as the Great Smoky Mountains National Park has been inhabited by indigenous people for thousands of years. The Cherokee, one of the largest tribes in the region, called the mountains Shaconage, meaning "place of blue smoke". The name comes from the natural mist and fog that often envelops the peaks, giving them a bluish hue.

In the late 1800s, a growing movement to preserve the natural beauty of the area led to the formation of the Great Smoky Mountains Conservation Association. The group's efforts caught the attention of Congress, and in 1926 the Great Smoky Mountains National Park was established, covering over 500,000 acres in Tennessee and North Carolina.

The park was designed to protect the natural resources and landscapes of the Smoky Mountains, including the stunning forests, waterfalls, and wildlife that call the park home. It was also intended to provide recreational opportunities for visitors, with hiking trails, campgrounds, and scenic drives being added over the years.

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map of the smoky mountains



OFFICIAL GSMNP Website: https://www.nps.gov/grsm/index.htm

One of the most popular attractions in the park is Cades Cove, a lush, isolated valley that was once home to a thriving community of settlers. Today, visitors can explore the old homesteads, barns, and churches that remain in the area, learning about the lives of the pioneers who lived there. The Cades Cove Loop is a popular scenic drive that takes visitors through the heart of the valley, offering stunning views of the surrounding mountains.

Another popular attraction is the Chimney Tops Trail, a strenuous hike that leads to the top of the park's most iconic mountain. The trail provides panoramic views of the Smokies, as well as a glimpse into the unique ecosystem that is found in the park's high elevations.

The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is also home to an incredible variety of wildlife, including black bears, elk, deer, and numerous species of birds and butterflies. Visitors can explore the park on foot, by car, or even on horseback, getting up close and personal with nature and experiencing the true beauty of the Smokies.

In conclusion, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a testament to the beauty of the natural world and the power of conservation. It is a place where visitors can connect with nature, experience the rich history of the region, and escape the hustle and bustle of daily life. Whether you're a hiker, a wildlife enthusiast, or simply a lover of stunning scenery, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a must-visit destination.

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